Pate, John William "Johnny"

Apr 27, 2019
Nationality: American
Date of Birth: 12/5/1923
Originally From: Chicago Heights, Illinois

Pate, John William "Johnny"

Born in Chicago Heights, Illinois December 5, 1923, Johnny Pate is a self-taught bassist and arranger.

He learned these skills while serving in the 218th AGF Army Band during World War II. After his discharge in 1946, Pate played with Coleridge Davis’s big band and from 1947 to 1949 he worked with Red Allen and J. C. Higginbotham. Following those gigs, Johnny worked, in succession, with jazz violinists Stuff Smith and Eddie South. While performing with South, Pate furthered his musical training by studying at Chicago’s Midwestern Conservatory from 1951 to 1953. In ’53-’54 he was with Dorothy Donegan’s Trio and moved from there to the Ahmad Jamal Trio in 1956. During this same time period, Johnny worked for the Club De Lisa as the arranger of its shows’ production numbers which were modeled after the famous Cotton Club reviews in Harlem. The featured male singer in the show was a young man by the name of Joe Williams. Pate often says that he met Joe long before Basie even knew who he was, although he is reasonably certain that it was at the Club De Lisa that Basie first heard Williams sing.

Toward the end of the ‘50s, Pate led his own trio that served as the house band at Chicago’s Blue Note. There, he worked with such jazz stalwarts as Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan and Duke Ellington. Pate’s stint as Ellington’s bass player at the Blue Note was the result of Jimmy Woode, the band’s bassist, having taken ill. Johnny ended up subbing for Woode throughout the entire Ellington Blue Note appearance. Unbeknownst to Pate and the Ellington Orchestra, a "bootleg" recording was made and eventually released in 1994 much to Johnny’s surprise. On that recording you can hear Ellington recognize Pate following his solo on Satin Doll.

Having recorded as a bassist with his own trio on the Federal, King, Gig, Salem and MGM labels, Johnny wrote the arrangements, played bass and conducted on James Moody’s 1958 Argo album, Last Train from Overbrook. That album was one of his last as a bassist as the demand for his services as an arranger, conductor and producer of jazz albums forced him to make these his main musical pursuits. Among the albums that Pate produced or arranged in the 1960s were Wes Montgomery’s Movin’ Wes on the Verve label and Shirley Horn’s Travelin’ Light on the ABC-Paramount label, the latter of which also featured two of Pate’s songs: Have You Tried to Forget? and Yes, I Know When I’ve Had It. Other Verve albums followed: Stan Getz’s Didn’t We?, Kenny Burrell’s Asphalt Canyon Suite, Phil Woods’ Round Trip, Monty Alexander’s This Is Monty Alexander and Jimmy Smith’s The Other Side of Jimmy Smith. In 1993 Johnny produced a second album for Smith, Sum Serious Blues, on the Milestone label that features the vocal work of Marlena Shaw.

Pate also successfully ventured into the rhythm and blues field at the request of record producer Carl Davis who wanted to add a new musical twist to his recordings of "doo-wop" groups. Johnny’s suggestion was to add some brass to the backup arrangements. The first recording was of a tune titled Monkey Time by Major Lance that became a big R&B hit. The composer of the song, Curtis Mayfield, was the leader of the R&B group the Impressions. Mayfield was so taken by Johnny’s arrangements that he asked him to do the arrangements for the next Impressions’ ABC-Paramount recording session. Pate accepted the offer and soon found himself working for ABC-Paramount full-time as a producer. In his own words: "…all of a sudden now, I’m doing rhythm and blues things that I’m picking checks up (for) that look like telephone numbers and I wasn’t getting these kind of checks doing jazz!" Johnny worked with Mayfield on a string of singles hits that included: It’s All Right, Amen, Keep on Pushin’ and People Get Ready. Pate would later arrange, orchestrate and conduct all of Mayfield’s original music for the highly successful movie Superfly.

B. B. King signed with ABC-Paramount right around the same time that Pate joined the company, and Johnny soon found himself regularly producing albums for B.B. One of those albums, B. B. King Live at the Regal, is considered one of the greatest live rhythm and blues albums of all time.

Johnny’s success in the R&B field was followed by film and television scoring projects in the ‘70s, the best known of which is the music for Shaft in Africa (1975). Pate also did the scores for the Shaft television series (1976) that, unfortunately, was rather short-lived. Other Pate movie scores include: Brother on the Run (1973), Bucktown USA (1976), Dr. Black and Mr. Hyde (1977), Satan’s Triangle (1978) and the original score for Bustin’ Loose (1980).

When Johnny finally decided to seek "retirement" in Las Vegas, he quickly found his good friend, Joe Williams, on his doorstep insisting that not only was he not retiring yet, but that he had several projects for which he needed Johnny’s services as both an arranger and conductor. Williams was getting more and more requests to perform with symphony orchestras and Joe was adamant about having Pate as his conductor. From Johnny’s arrival in Las Vegas until Joe’s passing in 1999, Johnny wrote arrangements and conducted for Williams on many occasions. He and his wife Carolyn also accompanied Joe and Jillean Williams to England for the recording of the CD Here’s to Life with Robert Farnon. Included in that album was the ballad that Shirley Horn had recorded in 1965, Have You Tried to Forget? under its new title Someone You’ve Loved.

Today, Johnny continues to produce music, but at his own tempo, and shares his great musical expertise with music students at UNLV where he now teaches. He is learning to like the game of golf that he plays faithfully every Wednesday and of greatest importance, he maintains close friendships with the artists with whom he worked through an illustrious career. The reciprocation of the love he has for these artists is evident in the presence of those artists on today’s program. They are here for one reason: they truly love Johnny Pate.